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Unemployment Benefits

Employers generally pay federal unemployment tax (FUTA) of 6% on the first $7,000 of covered wages of each employee each year. That’s offset by the state unemployment insurance (UI) tax paid. States that can’t meet their obligations to pay UI benefits may borrow funds from the federal government. If the loans aren’t repaid, employers in the state may be subject to “credit reductions,” resulting in higher FUTA until loans are paid off. According to the U.S. Labor Dept., only the Virgin Islands is currently subject to a credit reduction, with FUTA increased by 2.4%.


New Rules

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act ushered in new rules for the “kiddie tax,” which govern the taxation of unearned income of certain young taxpayers. Under prior law, children having more than $2,100 (in 2017) of unearned income were taxed at the same rate their parents paid (unless the child’s rate was higher). On 1/1/18, the kiddie tax rules switched to applying the same tax rates used for trusts and estates. The effect of this and other changes are that a child’s tax won’t be affected by the parents’ rates and may result in higher tax. Contact us about your situation.