The Ways and Means Committee is the chief tax-writing committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. It also oversees Social Security, Medicare, and other issues. Not surprisingly, it’s a popular assignment. Now that Republicans have secured a House majority, their representation on the committee is expected to increase from 17 to 25. (Democrats likely will retain 18 seats). However, at least 10 Republicans are vying for eight available spots. Also, several representatives are competing for the chairmanship. The chair will be selected by the Republican Steering Committee, but candidates for committee seats generally must undergo a three-step process that involves a House floor vote.